Full-stack development refers to both front-end and back-end development. The term full-stack can refer to a web stack or mobile stack, and a native application stack as well.
A full-stack web developer or a full-stack developer works on the client-side as well as the server-side of a website or application. Such a developer handles many different tasks at once, such as working on databases, creating user-facing websites, communicating with clients, and so on. A developer in full-stack can be a .net developer as well.
Full Stack Developer .NET
Who is a .Net developer?
Dot Net refers to C# and VB.Net programming languages. A .net developer is someone proficient in C# and VB.Net programming languages to create websites and applications. A full-stack developer .net may be skilled in either of the two languages or some cases both. Such a developer must also have all the other skills required in a full-stack developer.
Full Stack Developer Skills
To become a full-stack developer, a developer needs to have several outstanding skills. He or she must have the skills of both front-end developers and back-end developers combined. Here are some of the essential skills required in a full stack developer:
Knowledge of programming languages: A full stack developer should knowledge of at least one programming language such as Java, Python or Ruby.
Knowledge of DBMS technology: A full stack developer must have a good understanding of database and caching mechanisms. He or she should know MySQL, SQL Server, MongoDB, Oracle, and other DBMS technologies. He or she should also know caching mechanisms such as Memcached, varnish, Redis, and so on.
Basic knowledge of UI/UX design: A full stack developer should also have some knowledge of designing. He or she should know the basics of UI/UX as well.
Version control system or VCS: A full stack developer must know how Version Control System or VCS works. VCS allows a full stack developer to track changes in the codebase.
API: Additionally, knowledge of API web services like REST API and SOAP API is also desirable in a full stack developer.
Full Stack Developer Frameworks
A full-stack developer builds websites and web applications using different full-stack frameworks. Full-stack has many frameworks that are popular among some of the best developers today.
Here are some of the best Full Stack developer frameworks:
Django: Django is a popular full-stack Python framework. It has the best documentation feature. It is SEO optimised and highly scalable. Django is a thoroughly tested framework; therefore, it can be used to build modern web applications. It also provides high security. Other significant features of Django include URL routing, authentication, Object-Relational Mapping or ORM, template engine, and so on.
Flask: Flask is another Unicode based Python web framework that is immensely powerful and easy to use. It comes with a built-in development server. It makes debugging simple and efficient. It supports secure cookies. Other significant features of Flask include unit testing support, RESTful request dispatching, Jinja2 templating, and so on.
Bootstrap: Bootstrap is a free, open-source framework. It has a simple integration process. A developer can integrate Bootstrap with other frameworks in no time. Bootstrap is compatible with computers, laptops and mobile phones and is also compatible with all web browsers such as Chrome, Explorer, Firefox, and so on. It has extensive pre-styled components like alerts, button groups, dropdowns, breadcrumbs, navigation bar, progress bar, and so on. Bootstrap is highly customisable and can be customised as per the project needs.
Ruby on Rails: Ruby facilitates the development of modern web applications with its multifaceted features. It simplifies the coding process for developers and developers have to write less codes. The website is built in much less time. Ruby on Rails also has a supportive and friendly community which is helpful for developers.
Spring Boot: Spring Boot uses Java EE or J2EE to solve Spring related problems in Java web development. It has several interesting features, such as starter dependencies, auto-configuration, and so on. With Spring Boot, a developer no longer has to configure Spring. He or she can create Java-based web applications in much less time.
GraphQL: GraphQL is a query language made for APIs. With GraphQL, a developer can easily understand API. This feature enables the developer to meet client-specific needs quickly. Due to GraphQL, clients can access only as much data as they require. GraphQL's client libraries such as Apollo Urql and Relay also provides several front-end features like caching real-time UI updates, and so on.
Do you need a full-stack developer for your enterprise?
A full-stack developer can work on a project single handedly. Hiring a single person for the entire work means that you do not have to pay many specialised developers for working on different parts of the project. Sometimes you may have budget constraints, or you do not want to spend a lot on a small project. A developer in full-stack is the perfect solution for you. If you hire a full-stack developer for some of your small projects, you can automatically focus on more critical projects. It will reduce your workload and benefit your company in the long run. However, you may not know where to start when hiring a full-stack developer.
How to hire a full-stack developer?
Making crucial decisions: There are some essential decisions you need to make before hiring a full-stack developer. The first thing is the budget for the project. Decide on the amount you plan on spending on your project. Then decide on the time frame, that is, in how much time you need your work done. Finally, an important decision to make is whether you want to hire a local developer or a freelancer. There are many benefits of choosing a freelance developer over a local developer.
Full Stack Developer Freelance
A freelance developer works as a remote developer. Such a developer may work on several projects at once and is usually available at your flexible timing. Hiring a freelance full-stack developer means ensures that you will save a lot of money on the project. At the same time, you can get your work done quicker and faster because these developers usually work when you are at home. You do not need to monitor their work, and they will finish it on time for you. You can hire temporary services remote full-stack developer for a small project. Hiring a freelancer also means that you do not have to provide him with the benefits that you would usually offer to a full-time employee. Once you have decided to hire a freelancer, you need to work on the procedures that follow.
Advertising: This is a must. Rather than choosing an in-house team member, it is always a better idea to choose someone new. Post an ad on some of the popular job portals. Specify every little detail, including the skills and qualifications you expect in a candidate, duration of work, and so on. This way, only the candidates who fulfil all the requirements and are available for that duration of time will apply for the post. You will be surprised by the amount of work this will take off your shoulders.
Shortlisting and Interviewing: Shortlist all the candidates you like. Then arrange for an interview. You can interview at your office or a virtual interview. Ask questions that will test the level of knowledge of the candidates. Check whether the candidate can apply to his work whatever he has learned. Once you are satisfied with the answers and decide on hiring the candidate, discuss the company's policies, terms and conditions with him. Also, discuss salary and payment matters.
Full Stack Developer Interview Questions
Here are five popularly asked interview questions to help you:
What is Pair Programming in full-stack?
Pair Programming is a type of programming where two developers work on one terminal. One developer types the codes and is called the "driver". The other developer reviews the codes and is called the "navigator".
What do you mean by Continuous Integration?
Continuous integration refers to the process of using specially designed codes for testing. Continuous integration is crucial to working on a web application and is required to integrate codes. Developers can quickly locate and fix errors due to continuous integration.
What do you mean by Multi-threading?
Multi-threading helps to improve CPU performance. Multi-threading ensures that multiple users can manage a program at the same time. It also handles various requests by a single user. Executing numerous processes enables multi-threading. The operating system in which a developer runs the processes must support the process.
What do you mean by Long Polling?
Long Polling is a pattern in web development. When a client requests for some information from the server Long Polling pattern helps the server to keep the request on hold until some information is available. Long Polling helps to avoid sending empty resources to the client.
What is CORS?
CORS or Cross-Origin Resource Sharing is a process by which we can access web resources that are on different domains. CORS helps go improve the integration process of web services.